On August 1, 2007, U.S. and Indian negotiators entered into a separate technical agreement pursuant to Section 123 of the U.S. Atomic Energy Act, which defines the specific conditions, responsibilities, obligations and promises of each party. This article is based on “The Delhi-DC strategic dance” published in the Hindustan Times on 27.10.2020. It discusses the impact of the signing of the basic agreement on trade and cooperation between India and the United States on the signing of the Exchange and Cooperation Agreement in the context of geographic data research (BASIC). Ashley Tellis of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, who was closely involved in negotiations on the civil nuclear agreement with India as a senior adviser to the U.S. Undersecretary of State for Political Affairs, said in a 2005 congressional testimony that the agreement recognized this growing relationship by involving India, evidence that it did not pose a risk of nuclear proliferation. (Reference: Council on Foreign Relations) The signing of a number of defence agreements will enable India and the United States to act together and position themselves in a better position to shape the regional and global environment. Critical analysis. The signing of the BECA marks the end of the long period of mutual trust and provides the conditions for broader security cooperation. In March 2006, the U.S. Congress also accepted the agreement and formally implemented it in the Hyde Act after deliberations and mediation at the committee level, in the words of the House of Representatives and the Senate.
As the Hyde Act had imposed restrictions on how India could use U.S. nuclear supplies, implementation of the agreement was a setback due to opposition from communist parties that supported the Indian UPA government from outside. The leaders of almost all of India`s political parties had expressed disaffection and concern about provisions to reduce aid if India conducted future nuclear tests and carried out the return of all nuclear or equipment supplied by American suppliers. The agreement is seen as a turning point in India-U.S. relations and introduces a new aspect to international non-proliferation efforts. Since July 18, 2005, the agreement has raised a decade of America.