The gentlemen`s agreement between the United States and Japan between 1907 and 1908 was an attempt by President Theodore Roosevelt to calm the growing tensions between the two countries over the immigration of Japanese workers. A treaty with Japan in 1894 had guaranteed freedom of immigration, but when the number of Japanese workers increased in California, they faced increasing hostility. I recommend that this site www.history.com/topics/gentlemens-agreement Many Japanese Americans argued with the school board that the separation of schools was contrary to the 1894 treaty, which did not explicitly address education, but indicated that the Japanese would obtain equal rights in America. According to the U.S. Supreme Court review decisions (Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896), a state did not violate the equality clause of the U.S. Constitution by imposing racial segregation as long as the various institutions are essentially equal. Tokyo newspapers have denounced segregation as an insult to Japanese pride and honour. The Japanese government wanted to protect its reputation as a world power.
Government officials became aware of the crisis and intervention was needed to maintain diplomatic peace.  The Gentlemen`s Agreement of 1907 (紳協) was an informal agreement between the United States of America and the Empire of Japan, under which the United States would not allow restrictions on Japanese immigration and Japan would not allow emigration to the United States. The aim was to ease tensions between the two Pacific states. The agreement was never ratified by the U.S. Congress and was replaced by the Immigration Act of 1924. Which of the following descriptions is the Gentleman`s Agreement of 1907? a Cuba would receive the agreement of the United States before concluding an agreement with another country and would allow the United States to interfere in Cuban affairs. (b) The United States would not control an independent Cuba and would not interfere in Cuban affairs. (c) The United States would not separate Japanese immigrants and Japan would not allow further emigration to the United States. (d) Japan would allow the United States to control the Philippines as long as it respects Japan`s territorial borders. Chinese immigration to California exploded during the 1852 gold rush, but the Japanese government practiced a policy of isolation that thwarted Japanese emigration.
It was not until 1868 that the Japanese government reduced restrictions and Japanese immigration to the United States began. Anti-Chinese sentiments motivated American entrepreneurs to recruit Japanese workers.  In 1885, the first Japanese workers arrived in the then independent kingdom of Hawaii. Japan was prepared to limit immigration to the United States, but was seriously injured by San Francisco`s discriminatory law, which specifically targeted its people. President Roosevelt, who wanted to maintain good relations with Japan as a pole opposed to Russian expansion in the Far East, intervened.