Experts in social neuroscience have developed two theories to better understand empathy. The first, the simulation theory, “suggests that empathy is possible, because when we see another person who is experiencing an emotion, we simulate or represent the same emotion within ourselves, so that we can know first hand what they are feeling,” Psychology Today said. Empathy refers to the tendency to understand or feel the experience of others. It is not easy to measure accurately, although several questionnaire scales have been developed and used (R Hogan, 1969; Chlopan et al. 1985; Jolliffe – Farrington 2007). Exploring the measurement of empathy has attempted to answer a number of questions: who should measure? What should happen and what should we expect? What unit of measurement (UOM) should be adopted and to what extent each presence should correspond exactly to the UOM, which is also key issues that the researchers wanted to study. We often hear about the need for greater empathy in the world. No doubt you have experienced this in one form or another: the manager, who cannot refer to the fights of his team, and vice versa. Husbands and wives who no longer get along. The parent who forgot adolescence… and the teenager who doesn`t see how much his parents care. Once you have partnered with other people, take the time to consider the feedback they give (written language, verbal, body).
This will help you better understand not only others and their personalities, but also how they perceive your thoughts and communication style. The literature often shows that women tend to have more cognitive empathy than men. Evaluations, meta-analyses and studies of physiological measurements, behavioral tests, and neuroimaging of the brain, however, have yielded mixed results.   While some experimental and neuropsychological measures do not have a reliable sexual effect, self-assessment data consistently suggest greater empathy in women. On average, women outperform men in the Empathy Quotient (EQ), while men tend to score higher points in the systematization quotient (SQ). Both men and women with autism spectrum disorders generally score lower and higher on the SQ (see below for more details on autism and empathy).  However, a series of studies, electroencephalography and the N400 paradigm have documented the presence of a general gender difference in the male nervous system, with female participants tending to have a stronger motor resonance than male participants. In addition, these above studies have shown that participants tend to score better points in self-report of empathy and that these measures are positively correlated with the physiological response.